Phases Of The Moon For Kids

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Phases of the Moon for Kids


Learning about the phases of the moon can be an exciting and educational experience for kids. The moon, our closest celestial neighbor, goes through different phases during its monthly orbit around the Earth. Understanding these phases can help children appreciate the beauty and wonder of our universe. In this article, we will explore the different phases of the moon and provide answers to frequently asked questions.

What Causes the Phases of the Moon?

The phases of the moon are caused by the positions of the moon, Earth, and the sun. As the moon orbits around the Earth, different portions of its illuminated surface are visible from our planet. The varying positions of the sun, Earth, and moon create the different phases that we observe.

What are the Different Phases of the Moon?

New Moon

The new moon occurs when the moon is positioned between the Earth and the sun. During this phase, the side of the moon facing Earth is not illuminated, making it appear completely dark.

Waxing Crescent

After the new moon, a small sliver of the illuminated side of the moon becomes visible. This phase is known as the waxing crescent.

First Quarter

During the first quarter phase, half of the moon’s illuminated side is visible from Earth. This phase is often referred to as a half-moon.

Waxing Gibbous

After the first quarter, the illuminated portion of the moon continues to grow. This phase is called the waxing gibbous.

Full Moon

When the entire illuminated side of the moon is visible from Earth, we have a full moon. This is the phase when the moon appears as a complete circle in the night sky.

Waning Gibbous

After the full moon, the illuminated portion starts to decrease. This phase is known as the waning gibbous.

Last Quarter

During the last quarter phase, once again, half of the moon’s illuminated side is visible from Earth. This phase is similar to the first quarter phase, but the opposite side is illuminated.

Waning Crescent

In the waning crescent phase, only a small sliver of the illuminated side of the moon is visible, similar to the waxing crescent phase.


Understanding the phases of the moon is a fascinating way for kids to explore the wonders of our universe. By observing the moon’s changing appearance throughout the month, children can develop a deeper appreciation for the beauty and science behind it. Encourage your kids to stargaze and track the moon’s phases to enhance their understanding of our celestial companion.

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